In Nicaragua, it’s widespread to drill water wells; however, there is still dyscontrol in the quality and processes followed by individuals or companies that offer water well drilling services. Below we have listed some facts that influence this:
- In many places, especially in rural and northern areas, there aren’t many studies about the type of soil and how deep the water table is.
- The use of arsenic and pesticides used for agriculture has contaminated many water wells in the Occident.
- According to La Prensa, in 2008, after some studies performed by a Japanese group, 11 water wells were closed in rural areas after discovering the water quality was not good enough for human consumption.
- In municipalities like La Dalia, San Nicolás, Santa María de Teotecacinte, Santa María de Phantasma, Río Blanco, Waslala, Bonanzas, Waspam, Las Sabana there have also been cases of contaminated water wells, where you can even find dirty water coming out. All because they have been abandoned and not inspected with enough frequency.
- Lack of studies, drilling water wells require hydrogeological assessments, where it can be determined the quality of water, how deep the water table is, the size of the expected yield, location, costs, and type of water well needed.
- Environmental studies are needed, too, to make sure you are not contaminating the water table and that there are no contaminants in the area.
- Many companies or individuals offering water well drilling services are not certified and don’t have the equipment or technology to perform the proper studies before drilling.